The rising prevalence of cardiovascular disease among young Indians signals a pressing health concern, highlighting the urgent need for both personal and societal interventions. Lifestyle choices exert a profound influence on heart health, with sedentary behaviours and poor dietary habits acting as primary culprits in precipitating heart ailments among this demographic.
We spoke to our expert Dr Chandrashekhar, Associate Director, Cardiac Sciences, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Shalimar Bagh – Delhi, as he dispels lifestyle changes and diet tips to avoid cardiovascular diseases among young indians. Here is what he shared with us.
Dietary Habits: Impact on Heart Health
Sedentary lifestyles, characterised by prolonged periods of inactivity, paired with diets abundant in processed foods, added sugars, and unhealthy fats, contribute to the development of obesity, hypertension, and diabetes—major risk factors for heart disease. Additionally, substance abuse, including excessive alcohol consumption and illicit drug use, further elevates the risk, with stimulants like cocaine and methamphetamine detrimentally affecting heart function.
Mental Health and Heart Disease
Moreover, mental health plays a pivotal role, as chronic stress, anxiety, and depression can provoke physiological responses detrimental to heart health. Undiagnosed congenital heart defects and valvular abnormalities also pose hidden threats, underscoring the importance of regular health screenings.
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Environmental Factors: Urban Challenges
Environmental factors, such as exposure to air pollution, compound these risks, particularly in urban areas. However, the lack of awareness among young adults regarding their vulnerability to heart disease may lead to delayed preventive measures or medical care.
Building a Heart-Healthy Diet
Emphasising controllable risk factors, such as high blood pressure, obesity, high cholesterol, and diabetes, underscores the significance of lifestyle modifications and proactive healthcare. Adopting a balanced diet comprising fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and low-fat