6 Ways Smoking Affects Your Body Other Than Damaging Your Lung Health

Smoking is an extremely harmful habit that affects your health in several ways. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), tobacco use claims about 80 lakh lives every year, including an estimated 10.3 lakh non-smokers who are exposed to second-hand smoking.

While smoking is the leading cause of lung diseases, contributing to more than 80% of lung cancer and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) cases worldwide, it can also impact other organs in the body, leading to various complications. Let’s take a look at the seven most common effects of smoking.

Also Read: Things That Make You Prone To Lung Cancer Other Than Smoking

Heart Disease Risk

Smoking is one of the biggest risk factors for heart disease. As per a 2020 news release by the WHO, 10.9 lakh people die from tobacco-induced heart disease each year. This is equal to one in five of all deaths from heart disease.

Every puff of cigarette smoking releases toxins that damage blood vessels, increase inflammation, and cause plaque buildup, which in turn narrows the arteries and hinders blood flow throughout the body and to the heart. Therefore, when the heart has to work harder to pump blood efficiently, it raises the risk of heart attack, stroke, and other cardiovascular issues.

Cancer Risk

Smoking can lead to many different types of cancer, including cancer of the mouth and throat, oesophagus, stomach, colon, rectum, liver, pancreas, lung, trachea, bronchus, kidney and renal pelvis, urinary bladder, and cervix. According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), those who smoke are 15–30 times more likely to get lung cancer or die from lung cancer as compared to those who don’t.

Reproductive Health

Smoking is also said to affect reproductive health in women. In certain cases, women who smoke may

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Cardiovascular Diseases Among Young Indians: Expert Shares Lifestyle Changes, Diet Tips to Avoid Heart Issues

Cardiovascular Diseases Among Young Indians: Expert Shares Lifestyle Changes, Diet Tips to Avoid Heart Issues

The rising prevalence of cardiovascular disease among young Indians signals a pressing health concern, highlighting the urgent need for both personal and societal interventions. Lifestyle choices exert a profound influence on heart health, with sedentary behaviours and poor dietary habits acting as primary culprits in precipitating heart ailments among this demographic.

We spoke to our expert Dr Chandrashekhar, Associate Director, Cardiac Sciences, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Shalimar Bagh – Delhi, as he dispels lifestyle changes and diet tips to avoid cardiovascular diseases among young indians. Here is what he shared with us.

Dietary Habits: Impact on Heart Health

Sedentary lifestyles, characterised by prolonged periods of inactivity, paired with diets abundant in processed foods, added sugars, and unhealthy fats, contribute to the development of obesity, hypertension, and diabetes—major risk factors for heart disease. Additionally, substance abuse, including excessive alcohol consumption and illicit drug use, further elevates the risk, with stimulants like cocaine and methamphetamine detrimentally affecting heart function.

Changes Diet Tips to Avoid Heart Issues and Cardiovascular Diseases Among Young Indians

Mental Health and Heart Disease

Moreover, mental health plays a pivotal role, as chronic stress, anxiety, and depression can provoke physiological responses detrimental to heart health. Undiagnosed congenital heart defects and valvular abnormalities also pose hidden threats, underscoring the importance of regular health screenings.

Also Read: Is it Safe to Eat Beetroot in Diabetes? Expert Sheds Light

Environmental Factors: Urban Challenges

Environmental factors, such as exposure to air pollution, compound these risks, particularly in urban areas. However, the lack of awareness among young adults regarding their vulnerability to heart disease may lead to delayed preventive measures or medical care.

Changes Diet Tips to Avoid Heart Issues and Cardiovascular Diseases Among Young Indians

Building a Heart-Healthy Diet

Emphasising controllable risk factors, such as high blood pressure, obesity, high cholesterol, and diabetes, underscores the significance of lifestyle modifications and proactive healthcare. Adopting a balanced diet comprising fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and low-fat

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Get Healthy Carson City: Heart disease top cause of death in women

The heart truth is that heart disease is the leading cause of death in women of all ages, races, and shapes and sizes in the United States. But women sometimes experience heart disease differently than men. Healthy eating and physical activity go a long way to preventing heart disease and keeping it from getting worse if you already have it.

There is good news. You have the power to take action and lower your chance of developing heart disease and its risk factors. Start today. Make a commitment to find out your risk for heart disease and take steps toward a heart-healthy lifestyle.

To have a healthy heart, it is critical to know the risk factors for heart disease — that is, the behaviors or conditions that increase your chance of developing heart disease. Having just one risk factor increases your chance of developing heart disease, and your risk increases with each added risk factor.

Risks for heart disease:

• Smoking

• High blood pressure

• High blood cholesterol

• Diabetes and prediabetes

• Overweight and obesity

• Lack of physical activity

• Unhealthy diet

• Metabolic syndrome

• Family history of early heart disease

• “Older” age (55 or older for women)

• Preeclampsia during pregnancy

Find out your personal risk for heart disease by talk to your health care provider. Ask to have your blood pressure, cholesterol, weight and blood sugar checked. Family history of early heart disease is a risk factor that cannot be changed. If your father or brother had a heart attack before age 55, or if your mother or sister had one before age 65, you are more likely to develop heart disease yourself.

You may wonder: If I have just one risk factor for heart disease — say, I am overweight or

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University of Michigan doctor shares tips for managing cholesterol

DETROIT – Roughly 20% of Americans have high cholesterol, which left untreated, raises the risk of heart disease.

About a third of people with high cholesterol are completely unaware of the problem and the longer it goes untreated, the higher the risk of suffering a heart attack.

The effects of high cholesterol take years to cause damage. By far the biggest factors in having an increased low-density lipoprotein (LDL) or bad cholesterol are diet and lifestyle, although genetics also play a role. It’s critical for everyone to know their cholesterol, but especially for people with a strong family history of high cholesterol or heart disease at an early age.

“So high, harmful types of cholesterol, like LDL cholesterol harm the body, because those cholesterol molecules go into the walls of our arteries,” said Dr. Eric Brandt. “And then over time, they build up plaques. Eventually, those plaques can block the flow in the artery, or they can lead to things like a heart attack.”

Brandt, the Director of Preventive Cardiology at the University of Michigan, said there are good ways to manage cholesterol.

“I like to say we treat with a combination of lifestyle and — when needed — medications,” Brandt said. “ Lifestyle is mostly driven by diet, eating a healthy whole food plant-based diet.”

Brant said some studies have shown that a whole food and plant-based diet can lower cholesterol by as much as 30% in a few weeks.

However, for some, high cholesterol can also run in families and can cause heart disease even earlier in life. That’s why it’s important to screen for it early and to manage what is in your control.

“I like to tell people, ‘We inherit two things, we inherit our genetics for our family, and our lifestyle,

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What foods should I avoid with diabetes? Advice on best diet plan from a nutrition expert.

More than 10% of Americans have diabetes and roughly half of us are at risk for the disease, but most don’t know how to eat to prevent the worst outcomes.

To some degree, the advice is the same nutritionists give everybody: eat lots of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, nuts and seeds and avoid heavily processed, packaged foods.

Most people know some features of a healthy diet: eating fruits and vegetables and avoiding soda and fast foods.

But it’s more complicated than that. Understanding how diabetes develops can help add to those recommendations and bust some myths.

The first is about weight.

While excess weight increases the risk for diabetes, proper nutrition is likely just as important, said Dr. Dariush Mozaffarian, a cardiologist and professor of nutrition at the Tufts University Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy.

“Regardless of your weight, diet has a major impact,” he said.

What is diabetes? What to know about one of the deadliest diseases.

Latest news: Diabetes drug Mounjaro helped people lose 16% of weight, study finds

Here is advice from Mozaffarian to help avoid diabetes or keep it under control:

It’s not just the glucose

Foods that lead to a spike in blood glucose drive up the amount of insulin released into the bloodstream, which over the long term, increases the risk for diabetes and makes the disease harder to control.

So what is glucose?

Refined starches, also known as complex carbohydrates, are chains of glucose molecules and have long been known to trigger this rapid spike in blood glucose. These include white rice, white bread and potatoes.

►Added sugar, a simple carbohydrate, is also well known to trigger diabetes because it’s 50% glucose.

Fructose, which makes up the other 50%, has almost no effect on blood glucose

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Study Answers if a Low-Carb Diet or Low-Fat Diet Helps You Live Longer

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  • New research determines whether a low-carb or low-fat diet is better for longevity.

  • Researchers found that participants who followed one diet had an 18% lower mortality rate than those that followed the other.

  • Experts interpret the findings.

When it comes to diets, every kind of eating plan boasts different benefits, whether it’s weight loss, reducing inflammation, or boosting your brain power. Now, new research finds out if a low-carb diet or a low-fat diet promotes longevity.

The study published in the Journal of Internal Medicine looked at the effects of both low-carbohydrate diets and low-fat diets to determine which of the two helped people live a longer life—and the results may surprise you.

Researchers analyzed data from the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study, which in 1995 and 1996 recruited AARP members ages 50 to 71. Study participants were asked to complete a food questionnaire. Participants who reported having cancer, heart disease, stroke, diabetes, end-stage kidney disease, or other health issues were excluded from the analysis—which left 371,159 participants in total.

The participants’ food choices were categorized based on how closely they resembled a “healthy” low-carb or “healthy” low-fat diet. A healthy low-carb diet was defined as a high intake of unsaturated fats with limited consumption of low-quality carbohydrates, such as refined grains, added sugars, fruit juice, and starchy vegetables. A healthy low-fat diet included plant-based proteins, high-quality carbohydrates, like whole grains, whole fruit, legumes, and non-starchy vegetables, and limited saturated fat.

After following up around 23.5 years later, researchers found that participants whose eating patterns were most similar to the healthy low-fat diet had an overall mortality rate that was 18% lower than those with eating patterns

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