Study Answers if a Low-Carb Diet or Low-Fat Diet Helps You Live Longer

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  • New research determines whether a low-carb or low-fat diet is better for longevity.

  • Researchers found that participants who followed one diet had an 18% lower mortality rate than those that followed the other.

  • Experts interpret the findings.

When it comes to diets, every kind of eating plan boasts different benefits, whether it’s weight loss, reducing inflammation, or boosting your brain power. Now, new research finds out if a low-carb diet or a low-fat diet promotes longevity.

The study published in the Journal of Internal Medicine looked at the effects of both low-carbohydrate diets and low-fat diets to determine which of the two helped people live a longer life—and the results may surprise you.

Researchers analyzed data from the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study, which in 1995 and 1996 recruited AARP members ages 50 to 71. Study participants were asked to complete a food questionnaire. Participants who reported having cancer, heart disease, stroke, diabetes, end-stage kidney disease, or other health issues were excluded from the analysis—which left 371,159 participants in total.

The participants’ food choices were categorized based on how closely they resembled a “healthy” low-carb or “healthy” low-fat diet. A healthy low-carb diet was defined as a high intake of unsaturated fats with limited consumption of low-quality carbohydrates, such as refined grains, added sugars, fruit juice, and starchy vegetables. A healthy low-fat diet included plant-based proteins, high-quality carbohydrates, like whole grains, whole fruit, legumes, and non-starchy vegetables, and limited saturated fat.

After following up around 23.5 years later, researchers found that participants whose eating patterns were most similar to the healthy low-fat diet had an overall mortality rate that was 18% lower than those with eating patterns

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3-Year Diploma In Medicine: Committee Suggests Specific Restrictions

(MENAFN- IANS) Kolkata, May 16 (IANS) The 15-member committee, formed by the West Bengal Health Department to explore possibility of introducing Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee’s proposal for a three-year diploma course in medicine in the state, is of the opinion that the new system cannot be introduced without imposing stringent restrictions on the area of activities of these diploma doctors.
Sources from the state health department said that the first condition is that there cannot be a creation of a separate medical cadre in the state other than the two existing cadres of Directorate of Health Service and Directorate of Medical Education Service.
The second restriction as suggested by the committee members, sources said, is that the diploma doctors will not provide birth and death certificates.
“These are the two areas of restrictions which all the members of the committee have agreed upon in its first meeting on Monday. Each member of the committee has been asked to submit their written opinion on this count in the next meeting of the committee after seven days,” a senior official of the state health department said on condition of anonymity.
Prominent faces from the city’s medical fraternity like noted maxillofacial surgeon Srijon Mukherjee feel that there should be some additional restrictions on the diploma doctors. According to them, certain areas of treatment should be restricted for such diploma doctors and there should be a proper monitoring system to ensure that they never cross the line under any circumstance.
“Secondly, the operations sphere of such diploma doctors should be restricted only to the primary health centres,” Dr Mukherjee told IANS.
Since the chief minister suggested the introduction of a three-year diploma course in medicine last week, the proposal faced severe opposition from the medical fraternity in the state, who said that
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This 6-move calisthenics workout builds functional muscles and endurance in 12 minutes

You only need your body weight and 12 minutes to work your muscles hard, making this the perfect go-to exercise if you need a home workout without weights. 

We test a lot of physical and mental workouts at Tom’s Guide, from celeb exclusives to plank variations or breathing exercises — we like to think we’ve got most areas covered. We’ve designed this one to torch your major muscle groups and work up a sweat — all you need to do is roll out one of the best yoga mats to get started.

Bodyweight complexes are the most efficient way to add intensity, especially if you’re not lifting weights. We recommend focusing on form during the short 12 minutes of work. If you have more time, you could also couple it with another workout from our recommended picks below. Here it is!

What is calisthenics?

Woman exercising outdoors in the sunshine in a high plank position drawing her left knee towards right arm

(Image credit: Shutterstock images/ Jacob Lund)

Calisthenics embodies bodyweight training, and they’re interchangeable. Calisthenics includes bodyweight compound exercises, which means the moves will work various muscles and joints rather than one muscle in isolation, like squats. 

Calisthenics can scale from functional training like CrossFit and F45 to advanced gymnastics and highly technical moves. But at the heart of it, your body weight drives the movement, and the payoff includes burning calories, building muscle and improving your functional strength, endurance and coordination. 

We spoke to a calisthenics instructor who put together this calisthenics workout for beginners, but the one below is suited to all abilities. Fear not, you won’t need to contend with handstands or backflips to do it.

6-move 12-minute calisthenics workout

The six-move calisthenics workout includes three exercise complexes. A complex means performing a series of exercises back-to-back. Typically done with weights, they allow you to transition from one exercise to the next without resting

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Napping may boost creativity, study finds

output immediately afterward compared with remaining awake, a recent study found. Africa Studio/” alt=”Napping was linked to more creative output immediately afterward compared with remaining awake, a recent study found. Africa Studio/”/

Napping was linked to more creative output immediately afterward compared with remaining awake, a recent study found. Africa Studio/

Lightbulb inventor Thomas Edison believed a little shuteye could boost his creativity. Contemporary scientists think the iconic innovator was on to something.

But timing is key, they say.

“We found a strong effect of ‘sleep onset’ on creativity,” said study author Kathleen Esfahany, an undergraduate student focusing on computer science and neuroscience at MIT.

Sleep onset, Esfahany explained, refers to the earliest stage of sleep, when people transition from a woozy but still awake state into sleep.

Also known as N1, sleep onset has long been credited — without much scientific proof — as having the power to gin up the creative juices.

In Edison’s case, when struggling with a problem, he would reportedly grip a metal ball in his hand just before falling asleep. The idea was to quickly awaken at the noise of its fall, in order to take advantage of a freshly liberated mind.

By the time of his death in 1931 — and perhaps in part due to those inspirational catnaps — he acquired 1,093 patents.

For this new research, investigators set out to answer two main questions: Does napping indeed supercharge creativity, and can that nap-induced creativity be shaped and enhanced by adding audio-guided suggestions?

The experiment made use of a hand-worn device called “Dormio,” which the team developed during prior research.

Fashioned as a high-tech glove, the device assesses three markers of sleep onset: muscle tone shifts, heart rate and arousal status as measured by skin-based electrical activity (skin conductance). The

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Diet expert shares four snacks perfect for quick weight loss

One of Dr Michael’s methods is the Very Fast 800, a rapid weight loss plan slimmers can follow for up to 12 weeks by consuming just 800 calories per day.

The New 5:2 is a more gradual plan which asks dieters to limit themselves to 800 calories just two days of the week, with no calorie restrictions over the remaining five days.

The Way of Life is for those who want to maintain their already healthy weight.

All three plans follow the principle of the low carb, Mediterranean-style diet. 

READ MORE: Expert shares 3 fruits that may slow down weight loss – ‘avoid’ them

On Dr Michael’s website The Fast 800, the expert revealed which snacks he recommends for ultimate weight loss.

According to the expert, three meals are just enough to stay full throughout the day, and snacking is unnecessary. 

The expert stated: “Snacking spikes your insulin levels between meals and tends to increase hunger.”

However, many find it difficult to resist the urge to snack between meals. 

For those who get a little bit peckish during the day, Dr Michael shared four healthy, weight loss-friendly snacks, non-starchy veg, cheese, berries and nuts.

He stated: “Try to avoid snacks, especially on fasting days, but if required, have some non-starchy veg, a sliver of cheese or some berries.

“Alternatively, nuts are a great source of protein, fibre and micronutrients – just avoid salted or sweetened nuts, which can be moreish and easy to overeat.”

While berries are a great snack, Dr Michael warned that not all fruits were created equal when it comes to weight loss.

READ MORE: Fitness expert shares diet & exercise tips to look ‘just like Kate’

Snacking on berries is fine as part of the Mediterranean diet, as are apples and pears. 


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Medicine’s next weapon against COVID

LANSING, Mich. (WILX) – Since the COVID pandemic started, we’ve learned so much about the virus.

Science tells us it can survive up to 72 hours on plastic and stainless steel surfaces, and 24 hours on cardboard. New findings suggest you can get COVID by just touching contaminated surfaces, so researchers are developing new ways to kill COVID before it becomes a threat.

“COVID created a lot of problems for humanity,” said Sudipta Seal. “But it also created a lot of opportunities.”

A team of UCF researchers stepped up to the challenge and created a nano-based disinfectant that can kill several viruses, including COVID.

“When you shrink a material down to nano dimensions, they have unique physical-chemical properties,” said Craig Neal. “The nanomaterial itself has this antiviral property.”

The particles are so small, it would take 100,000 of them to be as thick as a single strand of human hair.

A nano-coating uses everyday white light to generate UV light and destroy the virus. It was originally designed for protective equipment like gloves, facemasks and visors, but researchers believe the coating could work about everywhere.

The team at University of Central Florida is working to create a spray for another material. They’re testing it on multiple viruses and believe it can be tweaked to fight other pathogens.

More: Your Health

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I want to lose weight. Should I take a long walk or do a short HIIT workout?

If you had to pick the better runner — a sprinter or a marathoner — the answer would depend on the type of race. In a 200-meter race, the sprinter will have an edge over the marathoner, but if it calls for, say, 18 miles, the marathoner will outrun the sprinter.

That’s how you should think about high-intensity interval training and low-intensity steady state cardio. One type of workout isn’t necessarily better than the other, but one might be better suited for you, depending on your fitness goals.

What exactly is the difference between HIIT and LISS cardio? HIIT involves alternating between short bursts of intense effort with periods of rest or active recovery. There are many ways to do HIIT, but some of the most popular work-to-rest ratios are 30 seconds of work and 30 seconds of rest, 45 seconds of work and 15 seconds of rest, or four minutes of alternating between 20 seconds of work and 10 seconds of rest (also known as a Tabata).

LISS cardio is low-intensity exercise, such as walking, jogging and cycling, at a relatively easy pace.

“If you’re looking to do a marathon, mud run or endurance-based activity, put some energy into LISS. But if you’re looking to be more explosive, athletic or build muscle, HIIT workouts are best suited to help you do that,” says personal trainer Rafique “Flex” Cabral.

To help you decide which type of exercise is best for you, here are different scenarios where HIIT or LISS could be more beneficial.

If you’re new to exercise and just want to get moving

Whether you’re a gym newbie or are getting back into working out after a hiatus, LISS is a good way to ease into exercise. Because you’re working at a low intensity, you

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New survey finds alarming data on children’s mental health in CT

Sadness, hopelessness and suicidal thoughts have increased among Connecticut high school students, yet the number of students who say they’re able to get the support they need has decreased, a newly released survey shows.

According to the Connecticut School Health Survey, conducted in 2021 and released this month by the Department of Public Health, more than a third of Connecticut high school students reported having felt sad or hopeless, while more than a quarter report that their mental health was not good most or all of the time and about one in seven said they had seriously considered suicide.

Yet only 22.3 percent of students said they can often or always get the help they need, the lowest figure on record.

“This is like warning lights flashing at us non-stop, and we’re not doing enough about it,” Sarah Eagan, the state’s child advocate said Monday. “We are missing the boat.”

Data from the Connecticut School Health Survey shows that feelings of sadness among hopelessness have increased steadily over time, reaching a new high during the COVID-19 pandemic. The number of students who reported considering suicide has increased in recent years as well, reaching 14.1 percent in 2021, though the number of students who report having attempted suicide has decreased.

Mental health struggles are more common among female students, the survey found, with 47.6 percent of girls reporting feelings of sadness or hopelessness (compared to 24.2 percent of boys)  and 40.5 percent saying their mental health was not good most or all of the time (compared to 16.4 percent of boys).

These findings reinforce what advocates have called a children’s mental health crisis in Connecticut and elsewhere, exacerbated by the pandemic. They say rising needs among kids have stretched providers, leading to crowded emergency departments and hospitals and long

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The eight-week diet that could make you up to 11 years younger – study

The path to longevity is precarious, with the threat of serious chronic diseases lurking at every corner.

While there’s no one-size-fits-all approach to healthy ageing, a study, published in the journal Aging, proposes a lifestyle regimen that could reverse your biological age in as little as eight weeks.

Based on simple tweaks to diet, exercise and sleep, the regimen could wind back the clock by as much as 11 years.

What’s more, the dietary pattern still makes room for meat, which is often left out or kept to a minimum in many longevity diets.

Looking at six healthy women who were on average 58 years old, the research team from the University of Virginia instructed the participants to follow a diet including plenty of leafy greens, seeds and three servings of liver.

READ MORE: Artificial sweeteners don’t help with weight loss in the long term, the WHO warns

The women were also asked to exercise for 30 minutes five days a week, sleep for at least seven hours a night and do two ten-minute breathing exercises per day.

The findings showed that these interventions reduced their biological age by nearly five years on average.

However, one participant’s biological age fell by a whopping 11 years during the study.

Dr Kara Fitzgerald, the lead author, said: “This case series of women participants extends the previous pilot study of this intervention in men, indicating that favourable biological age changes may be achievable in both sexes.”

What did the participants eat?

The women had to enjoy plenty of vegetables, including two cups of dark leafy greens, two cups of cruciferous vegetables, and three cups of colourful vegetables every day.

They were also administered a daily dose of pumpkin and sunflower seeds, half a cup of berries, and half a teaspoon of

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Dear Medical Schools, Educate Students on the Business of Medicine

Graduation day. A moment of shear elation. I’ve been there.

Years of medical school. Scut work. Rotations. Cadaver labs. Foreign smells. Short white coats. Board exams. And now, the students are done (with the med school part, anyway). But then they must face: The loans. God, the loans. They have just invested in a business that forces the average medical student to take out a $200-250K (!) business loan.

Yes, it’s called a “student loan,” but let’s be honest: they just invested a quarter of a million dollars in a business (their medical career) in a healthcare sector they know very little about. Sure, they understand the practice of medicine (and will understand more after residency) and will likely land a job that pays a great salary; but do they understand who controls the business and finances in the industry? The dollar flows and financial incentives?

Some who teach in medical school, and even attendings in residency, will perhaps say their mission is, “to improve the health and well-being…by achieving excellence and providing leadership in the interrelated areas of patient care, education, and research.”

OK, sure. Medical schools do a great job with this; but as every attending knows, the practice of medicine and the healthcare ecosystem are very different than what they originally learned about. Some attendings even say they wouldn’t “go back into medicine” or “encourage their children to go into medicine” — perhaps they’d even discourage it.

I teach a “Challenges of Healthcare” survey course at Kenan-Flagler at the University of North Carolina Chapel Hill to MBA students, and I typically have a few students in my class who are doctors, nurses, or advanced practice providers. Without fail, every single one tells me: “I wish I had learned more about the business of medicine

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